Maratha Kesari great nationalist Veer Shivaji was born on 10 April 1626 in Shivneri fort under Chunar. His father, Shahaji Bhosale-whose fief was in Poona-was a brave soldier, civic politician and state director. Due to these same qualities, he becomes a peasant man with a royal court. Despite being handsome, he was engaged in war against the Mughals.
His mother Jijabai was an educated, devout, visionary and courageous woman. He used his education in his son Shivaji to perform rituals. They wanted their son to be patient-serious, courageous, protective and characteristic. From the earliest times, the seeds which were sown through the Ramayana, Mahabharata and Geeta, later became helpful in the production of Shivaji’s character.
He appointed Guru Ramdas in Shivaji’s education, who filled the ideal characteristic qualities of patriotism in Shivaji. At the time of Shivaji, the Mughals had an atmosphere of terror and tyranny all around. The Mughals had taken away the country’s peace, security and independence. Mother not only taught Shiva this, but also taught to fight against it.
In the control of Dada Kendra, he taught Shiva with the help of horse riding, fencing, archery and war skills. Since childhood, Shivaji used to play army of organization, operation, array and invasion with his fellow peers and solve their problems.
Shivaji’s personality and Shivaji’s struggle with the Mughals.
Shivaji’s personality is of a full-fledged talented person. They had kindness, tolerance, courage, patience, self-confidence, goodwill, discrimination. They used to influence everyone with their virtues. His commander-in-chief also treated him as one of his qualities. They never betrayed.
Shivaji was mighty, a clever politician, qualified commander and efficient administrator. Once Shivaji was taken to meet his father Shahaji, the Sultan of Bijapur. Hailing the Mother Goddess Shivaji, in the court of the Mughals, doing her sympathy and greeting was not liked well.
He came to the palace of Sultan because of his father’s insistence, but even after explaining his father’s lac, he did not even do dua salaam. His father had to say, “It is well-known in the way of court, so do such a rebuke. Hello! Forget the child’s disillusionment. “
Once upon a visit to the court, Shivaji defeated the cowboy who cooked. Shahaji understood Shivaji They sent him to Poona. Here, Shivaji had to take care of the death of Dada Konddev, the godown of Poona and Soya. What was that, Shivaji, the teenager, started to oppose his military power and its influence against the Mughals.
With the help of his confidant soldiers, Shivaji put all his strength in the freedom of the fort of Bijapur Sultan. Soon, his rights were on the kilogram of Chakan, Inderpur, Baramati, Kodavan and Purandar.
When the power of Shivaji’s power reached the ears of the Nawab of Bijapur, he pressured Shahaji to get the fort back for his arms. Shivaji refused to accept it and wrote a letter in protest against the Sultan.
Here Shivaji’s right is on the fort of Kalyan. Some of the Sihsars of Shivaji wanted to bring the imposing daughter of the most influential daughter-in-law of fortress Ahmed Shivaji ordered the honor to be brought to his house. On this Ahmad sizzled in the name of his honesty, honesty. This news reached Bijapur’s court till the court of Adilshah, everyone praised his character.
Meanwhile, Sultan of Bijapur Adilshah was constantly pressurizing Shah to return his fort, but Shivaji wrote this letter to him – “My father is a man of Bijapur, it is not necessary for his son to accept your subordination.” Angry by the answer, Sultan seized Shahaji from fraud by fraud and fraud.
Shivaji had brought the idea of the treaty in his mind, but at the behest of his wife, Shivaji wrote a letter to Shah Jahan and succeeded in the liberation of his father Shahaji. With the successful policy of Shivaji, Sultan Adilshah of Bijapur became his supreme enemy. In this way, he created a conspiracy to kill Shivaji.
Shivaji was aware of this conspiracy. They also found a way to defend themselves. Shivaji wanted to establish his Hindu kingdom by increasing his force. Soon, they got together the forts of Ahmednagar, Junnagar, in the Hindu kingdom.
Shah Jahan’s deathParaj Aurangzeb came to South India with the policy of his expansionist empire. Adilshah wanted to destroy Shivaji with Aurangzeb. When Afzal Khan arrived with the order of his death, he wanted to cheat Shivaji with his tricks and diplomacy and try to kill him.
Visionary Shivaji staged his work by stopping his stomach and straining his stomach. With the death of Afzal Khan, Aurangzeb’s mind was with the Adilshah in the flame of retaliation. The Supreme Lord Shivaji was both of them. Meanwhile, in collaboration with King Jay Singh, with the help of his help, Shivaji was confined to the Agra Fort on the pretext of meeting him.
Veer Shivaji came out of his captivity in a fruit basket secretly. After the death of Afzal Khan, the hidden army of Shivaji looted the artillery, ammunition, elephants, horses and millions of rupees of Afzal Khan. With the political sovereignty of Shivaji, in the achievements, glory and enthusiasm of the Marathas There was an increase in the success, glory and enthusiasm of the Marathas.
After the defeat of Afzal Khan’s defeat and the defeat of the Bijapur army, Shivaji also got his rights around Bijapur, Konkan, Kolhapur, Panhala fort. Meanwhile, Ahmed Shah had regained control over Bijapur. In 1962-63, there was a treaty between Adilshah and Shivaji in Shahaji’s mediation.
Bijapur Sultan accepted Shivaji as an independent ruler. Shivaji’s fierce enemy Aurangzeb sent Shaista Khan to the military campaign. Shivaji’s army won In January 1664 Shivaji attacked Surat and received immense wealth from there. Aurangzeb joined King Jayisingh and some of his associates with him to suppress the power of Shivaji.
Shivaji was imprisoned in the fort of Purandar. Due to Jayasinh’s betrayal, Shivaji had to make a treaty of Purandar. Shivaji fought till the end of the Mughals. It was Shivaji’s destiny that the treaties and war remained. His struggle with the Mughals continued from 1670 to 74.
His coronation was on 16th June 1674. Shivaji also conquered the coastal coast of Ponda, from Colaba to Malbar. Thus, Shivaji’s kingdom was in Gujarat in the north, Ramnagar in Surat, and in the south. From Nashik, Poona, Satara, Kolhapur to the coast of Karnataka.
The administration of Shivaji.
The administration of Shivaji was of a democratic state system. For his help and consultation, he had created ‘Asht Pradhan’, ie 8 Council of Ministers, including the Prime Minister, Finance Minister, Waqiyanivis, Foreign Minister, Secretary, State Priest, Commander, Judge etc. For the improvement of the state, it was divided into states, districts and paragons. Ideal form of land tax system along with finance was prevalent.
People were charged ‘chauth’. Earned tax was one and a half parts of state income. The military system was disciplined, in which there were cavalry, infantry, water force. For the protection of 250 fortresses, the division of the soldiers was of excellent quality. Foreign trade was also prevalent. It is said that the income of Shivaji’s kingdom was one crore eleven per annum. They used to get 80 lakh Hunan from the fourth recovery.
In South India, the all-powerful ruler Shivaji can be called the founder of a powerful Hindu nation. Nobody has done the path which he paved the way for Hindutva. They are called the last great nation-creators of Hindus. His pure character, great prowess, extraordinary leadership, successful governance, organized administration, control and coordination, religious generosity, tolerance, and justice were literally supernatural.
Death of Shivaji Maharaj.
After being ill for three consecutive weeks on April 3, 1680, the Veer Hindu emperor became immortal in history for ever, and at that time his age was 50 years. Shivaji Maharaj was a brave man who devoted his whole life to Maratha, Hindu kingdom. Shivaji is the first name in the history of Maratha. Today, not only in Maharashtra, the birth of Veer Shivaji Maharaj is celebrated with great enthusiasm throughout the country.