So Guys today(2nd October) is Gandhi Jayanti and today we will discuss the biography of Mahatma Gandhi.
Biography of Mahatma Gandhi
Our India land has been the birthplace of such great men,who inspired not only the whole mass of its style but also spread the light of his personality and works not only in India but all over the world. Such a great humanitarian was the nationalist hero – the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi
2. Life Introduction
Mahatma Gandhiji was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar in Gujarat. His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi and mother’s name was Putlibai. Gandhiji’s father was a dewan of Rajkot. His mother was a religious woman, whose ideas had a special effect on Gandhiji.
3. Gandhiji’s education initiation
Gandhiji’s early education was in Rajkot. In 1881, he took admission in high school. He was married to Kasturba Bai in the thirteen years of age. In 1887, Gandhi passed the matriculation examination and took admission in Samaldas College of Bhavnagar, but on the sayings of the family, he had to go to England to complete his remaining studies. In England, he completed his studies of advocacy
Growing up in Indian values, Gandhiji had a lot of difficulty in coordinating the Western civilization there. He also looked after the western civilization, but victory was only for his family rituals. Gandhiji stayed here and followed the family rituals completely.
In 1891, he returned to India after being a barrister. During this time Gandhiji had to go to South Africa in connection with a lawsuit filed by a Muslim businessman named Dada Abdullah and Abdullah. Here in South Africa, Gandhiji was rushed to the Pretoria by rail and he was abducted from the train. They were black Indians. That’s why the whites of South Africa did extremely misbehave under their black policy.
Because of this, the flames of rebellion broke out in their heart. Gandhiji, along with the black Indians, resolved to fight against the Gori government. Together with the resident Indians living here, formed an organization and started satyagraha. In May 1894, Gandhiji established the Indian Congress in Natal. In 1896, he came to India and started the movement for South African Indians.
They settled there in the same year with their families. Revolt against the law that invalidates all the marriages of India’s abusive laborers and of all marriages of Indians. In 1901, he returned to India. In 1902, he had to go to South Africa again on the invitation of the Diaspora Indians.
Founded in 1904, the Phoenix Ashram was organized and organized by the Indian Movementers. From here he operated a letter called Indian Opinion. By staying here Gandhiji launched many agitations against the Gori government. He was sentenced to 2 months rigorous imprisonment on 10 January 1908.
Truth, non-violence and satyagraha were the resolutions of Gandhiji. In 1913, the movement was launched in South Africa in protest of the cancellation of poll tax. On bail, returned to India in 1915.
4. Gandhiji’s contribution in independence movement
In 1917 Gandhiji opposed the creation of hostages of Indian laborers. In 1918, Satyagrah on the demands of cotton mill workers. In 1919 the Rulelet Act was opposed. In 1920, the Sultan Kamal Pasha of Turkey protested against the British government for depriving monopoly of the holy places of Islam and returned the Kaiser A-Hind Medal, the Boer War Medal, the Zoo War Medal.
In 1921, opposing the visit of Prince of Wales to India, he performed fast for 5 days. In 1922 Satyagrah started. On April 6, 1930, Dandi traveled and broke the salt law. Contrary to various policies of the Gori government, he again satyagraha in December 1931.
Gandhi, who had been convicted in various agitations from 1931 to 1940, after the Second World War, in 1942, in protest of the British government’s promise of action or death, and the British started the Quit India move, which had so much national influence that all Indians would jump in this movement. . In the end, the British had to leave India. On August 15, 1947, the country became independent
5. Different views of Gandhiji
Gandhiji gave truth and non-violence the highest importance in life. They fought the British with satyagraha and non-cooperation. They considered all humans equal. Religion, caste, creed, color, race, caste discrimination discrimination against humanity. Gandhiji called the untouchables to be Harijan. They wanted to eradicate economic inequality and establish a classless, racial society.
They gave special importance to physical labor and social justice. They considered the democratic state as a welfare state. According to Gandhiji- “Ethical conduct should have a special significance in life. Truth, justice, religion, non-violence, unselfishness, selfless service is the true service of humanity. The service of the poor and the afflicted is the true religion. “
He gave special importance to the feeling of Vasudhaiva Kutumbak under national and international considerations. The problems of family, caste, village, region and country should be improved for proper upliftment of any nation. Correcting himself, the world would improve, he believed it.
6. Education philosophy of Gandhiji
Gandhiji’s education philosophy was very widespread. They teach education to the person’s physical, mental, spiritual (body, mind and soul)