Battle of Haldighati.
Historical battle of Haldighati occurred in 1576 AD between the great Hindu Rajput ruler Mewar of Rajasthan, Maharana Pratap Singh and King Man Singh of Amber, the great general of Mughal emperor Akbar, this war was considered one of the most important events in the history of Rajputs. , And this fight was one of the smallest battles in Indian history, which lasted only 4 hours. Today, King Rana Pratap Singh of Haldighati and his brave horse Chetak is remembered with great memoirs. Where war had taken place, it still stands as a tourist site.
Reason of war.
Maharana Pratap or Rana Pratap Singh belong to the Sisodia tribe of Rajputs, which in 1572 became the ruler of Mewar in Rajasthan. By the middle of 1500, Mughal Emperor Akbar, due to his desire to rule all over India, continued the victory of many Rajput kingdoms such as Chittor, Rathmobore and others. In fact, almost all Rajput kingdoms surrendered to Akbar and his rule except Mewar. Under the able leadership of Maharana Pratap, it was the only Rajput who was not ready to settle on his independence. After waiting for about 3 years for the presentation of the ruler of Mewar, Akbar sent his General King Man Singh to negotiate peace treaty and convinced him to present Maharana Pratap Singh. However, Maharana Pratap agreed to sign the treaty on its terms and conditions. His condition was that he would not be in the leadership of any ruler, especially because the foreigners would not tolerate.
Strength of Forces.
History cars believe that Man Singh, a strong army commander of more than 5000 people, has been sent to Mewar. Akbar believed that Maharana Pratap would not be able to fight the big Mughal army because he did not have experience, resources, men and associates. But, Akbar was wrong. A small army of Bhil tribe, Tanwar of Gwalior, Rathore of Meerut joined the fight against the Mughals. Maharana Pratap also had a group of Afghan warships, led by commander, Hakim Khan Sur, who were involved in the war. These were the small Hindu and Muslim states which were under the rule of Maharana Pratap. They all wanted to defeat the Mughals. The Mughal army, there is no doubt that there was a large army, which was much more than the Rajputs (according to the accounts of Mughals, 3000 horse racing).
On 21 June 1576, the army of Maharana Pratap and the Akbar’s army met Haldighati. Man Singh led the army. It was a fierce battle; Both the forces bravely started the fight. In fact, the Mughals were surprised by the attacks of the men of Maharana Pratap. Many Mughal ran away without fighting. The Mewar army attacked the Mughal army in three parallel divisions or departments. While feeling the failure of the Mughals, Man Singh invaded the center with full force to attack Rana Pratap, who was commanding the center of his small army at the time, by this time, the Mewar army lost its speed was. Gradually, the Mewar soldiers started to fall. Maharana Pratap fought against Man Singh on his horse Chetak. But, Rana Pratap was heavily injured by Man Singh and his men by continuous spear and arrow. During this time, his colleague, Hail Sardar, put silver sheets on his back from Pratap’s back. The injured Rana Pratap escaped from the Mughal army and was saved by his brother. Meanwhile Mann Singh saw Sardar as Maharana Pratap and killed him. When they came to know that they actually killed a trusted person of Maharana Pratap, they were surprised. The next morning, when he came back to attack the Mewar army, there was no one to fight the Mughals.
Importance of Battle of Haldighti.
The battle of Haldighati was important for the bravery and small caste Bhill displayed by Rajputs. Mahapratap gave an example of courage and bravery in the battle of Haldighati. This was a turning point for the Mughals. It was a fierce battle and both sides showed strong tilt. The result was inconclusive, but even today, war is considered a true symbol of the courage, sacrifice and allegiance of Rajputs to save their homeland.