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Birth and childhood.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak, father of the Indian independence movement, who sought the demand for self-rule and the strong ideology of Congress, was born on July 23, 1856 in Chikal village taluka of Ratnagiri district. His father’s name was Gangadhar Ramchandra Pant and mother’s name was Parvati Bai Gangadhar. It is said that his mother Parvati Bai had worshiped the Sun by having a venerated vow in Ashwin month (month of Hindi calendar) with the desire to attain a son, after which Tilak was born. At the time of his birth, his mother was very weak. After a long time, both of them were healthy.
The childhood of Bal Gangadhar Tilak was Keshav and this name was also the father of his grandfather (Ramchandra Pant), so all of them in the family called Balwant or Baal, hence their name was Bal Gangadhar. His childhood was spent in Ratnagiri. In childhood, they were very much interested to hear the story, so whenever they get the time, they will go to their grandfather and listen to them from the story. Grandfather used to tell them the story of Rani Lakshmi Bai, Tatya Tope, Guru Nanak, Nanak Sahab etc. patriots and revolutionaries. Tilak would take inspiration from listening to his stories with great care. He learned from his grandfather, Indian culture and civilization at a very young age. In this way, the trend of their ideas became revolutionary and they began to hate the British and British rule.
Family atmosphere and early education.
Tilak was born into a cultured, middle-class Brahmin family. His family belonged to the Chitapavan dynasty who followed strict religious rituals and traditions. His father, Gangadhar Ramchandan Pant, was an assistant teacher in Ratnagiri. His father was a popular teacher of his time. Gangadhar Ramchandan Pant wrote many books on trigonometry and grammar which was also published.
Her mother, Parvati was a woman with religious views. His grandfather was himself a great scholar. He gave child education to Indian culture, civilization, traditions and patriotism in his childhood. The impression of the sacraments received in the childhood from their family is clearly visible in Tilak’s future life.
Tilak’s father studied Sanskrit at home only. From the time the child was three years old, he used to remember the Sanskrit slogan every day and take 1 paisa as a bribe. By the time he was five, he had learned a lot. In 1861, he was sent to Ratnagiri for Marathi education.
His father taught him patience and tolerance as well as being self-sufficient from the beginning. They worked patiently at every turn of life due to the teachings received from the family in childhood. Who made his character even more brighter and became known as Lokmanya.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak in Poona.
Due to the transfer of Gangadhar Ramchandra Pant (Tilak’s father) in 1866, Poona came along with the Tilak family. At this time he was 10 years old. Upon their arrival, their grandfather went to Kashi after retirement, whom they never met again. In Poona, he was admitted to Anglo Vernacular School for further studies. After coming here, Gangadhar came together to form a new form of Tilak. In 1866, Tilak studied in Poona School, completed 3 categories in 2 years.
Their mother died a few months after coming here. At the young age of 10 years, mother’s affectionate hands got up on her head. Nineh Tilak was covered by his aunt in her motherly affection and gave her mother’s love and affection.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak in Poona Vidyalaya.
While reading at the school of Poona, a new form of Tilak’s personality was revealed. There are many such events in their student life that have made it clear in their childhood that this child will never tolerate injustice on their own or will not be silently watching the injustice happening to anyone else. These incidents proved Tilak to be fair, fearless, stubborn, truthful and persevering on his principles.
Master of intelligent (sharp) intelligence.
Tilak was quick to read from childhood. Whenever they were given to remember something, they remembered it so well that they never forgot. When he entered high school, he saw that he had already missed more than half of the curriculum. Once the teachers were interpreting the poetic verse in class. They saw that Tilak is not writing that interpretation. When the teacher asked him why he was not explaining, he boldly replied that he can make a better explanation of himself, which will help him more.
At the young age of 14, he had a good hold on English and Sanskrit. His father was very surprised to see his knowledge of English, Sanskrit, Marathi and Hindi language, along with the style of writing his poems in Sanskrit.
Marriage of Bal Gangadhar and father’s death.
After the death of Tilak’s mother, his father had become ill. At that time there was a tradition of child marriage in India. Therefore, even at the age of 15, her father also married her in a simple village girl, Tapi. Tapi was only 10 years old at the time of marriage. When both of them got married, they did not even know the true meaning of marriage, they knew so much that they were tied in a bond that can never be broken or they can not be forgotten.
After some time of marriage, Tapi came to his parents to study further. After marriage, Tapi’s name was changed to Satyabhama. After the marriage of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, his father’s health continued to decline. Father died after 1 year of his marriage. Tilak became orphan at the age of 16 years. After the death of his father, his parents and all his responsibilities were discharged by his uncle-aunt.
Higher education and college life.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak deeply confessed to the death of his father. At the time of his father’s death, Tilak was studying the matriculation. He handled himself with great courage and passed matriculation examination after 4 months of father’s death. After passing matriculation in 1872, he joined Deccan College for further studies. Initially, Tilak College used to walk 5 miles on foot, but later they started living in the college hostels.
His aunt loved them as his son. On the decision to stay in Gangadhar Tilak’s hostel, it became worried that these colleges, which represent British culture, would not even paint their nephews in their colors. But Tilak never did any such work that his family members had to be ashamed of. He used to wear plain silk dhoti there and for the moment he did not even leave Indian culture. Tilak has always lived a simple life in student life. No appearances and fashion had any effect on them.
The time Tilak entered college, he was very weak at that time. They used to exercise daily with the rule to reinforce their body. Wrestling, swimming, boating became their favorite sport. They used to float in water for several hours. Within a year of college life, Tilak’s body became strong and attractive.
Tilak entered Deccan school in 1873. From here he graduated in 1876. Honors passed from first class followed by L.L.B. in 2 years. Done Tilak was very good in mathematics. When he was studying law, a teacher asked him why he had such a good knowledge of mathematics and decided to study law. Tilak responded with ease, “Getting higher education in mathematics can get a good job, but studying law can serve the country better.”
Relation with teachers of Tilak.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak used to perform intensive study of everything in his student life. Only after contemplating meditation on it, he accepted the facts. Whenever there was any dilemma in the question before them that they were unable to resolve, then they used to solve the question with their teachers and used to argue with them until they were completely satisfied with the teacher’s response. Due to this habit of Gangadhar, his teachers used to criticize them and many of these teachers became beloved students. Dear teachers of Tilak, Professor Chhatre, William Wordsworth (famous English poet William Wordsworth’s pound) and Prof. The shoots were included.
Tilak was very close to his mathematical professor Kerruman student. Tilak was a student who wanted to be a teacher, and on the other hand, the professor himself was considered as a great teacher of his subjects. When Tilak was a student of the school, he was often asked to solve problems and questions that he disagreed with his class teachers. They used to come to the umbrella. Later, as a college student, Tilak solved such complex questions and asked that the teacher was also forced to think.
Prices of Tilak Chattre was very impressed and it became his favorite student. Professor Chhatar Tilak used to feel proud by finding a disciple with unique original ideas. Tilak had a very deep relationship with Professor Chattre. They used to believe the teacher umbrella as a lot. After the death of Chhatre ji, he had given them a true tribute by fulfilling all their incomplete works.
Apart from Professor Chhatre, there were other teachers who had a profound impact on Tilak’s life. Among them Pro. William Wadsworth and Prof. The shoots were included primarily. He has written English literature from William Wadsworth and Prof. From the shoot studied history and political economics.
Decision to avoid government service.
Tilak met Gopalrao Agarkar, Khare and Appa Saheb Sharangappi at the college. Their meeting turned into friendship Agarkar and Tilak took the liberty of not taking a government job for a lifetime to serve their country. Tilak was a double graduate, if he wanted to, could easily get any government job but he gave his first priority to the service and did not accept any post under the government.
Tilak’s ideas and reform measures on the current situation of India.
When Tilak was only 1 year old, that time was the historical moment for the Indian. The first Indian revolt was made for India’s independence, which is known as the Revolution of 1857. Although Tilak was very small at that time, this revolution left an indelible mark on his hair. Tilak’s grandfather Ramchandra Pant gave them the story of freedom fighters who participated in this revolution and ignited the flame of patriotism in their hearts. In all these circumstances, in the childhood, one of them has awakened the qualities of a thinker.
Tilak did very deep meditation on the then current situation of the country. He realized that if the country is to be taken out from the current state of slavery, then it is necessary to improve the education system of India, because on the basis of which the British are being imparted education to Indians, it is only so that The British could rule over us till the time.
Tilak was well-acquainted with the effects of British-induced corrupt and fool-making education on the Indian mind. They believed that the education given by the British was based on the prejudice of East and West. That is why they first emphasized national education. As a respected educationist, the famous Mahadev Govind Ranade also believed that the country can not be liberated unless it has a national education system like the US and a national press.
Establishment of New English School (January 1880).
In 1876 Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak passed the BA. And after this, in 1879, for the purpose of contributing to the service of the country, LL.B. Passed the examination too. After obtaining the degree of Vakalat, this and his ally, Govindrao Agarkar, got completely into the field of nation-wide service. Although Agarkar believed that first of all should improve the situation of religion and family, i.e. they wanted to give priority to social reform. At the same time, Tilak believed that if people are educated then they will be more helpful in social reform.
Funding was needed to implement the National Education Plan. It was decided to organize public money for this. Meanwhile, he met Vishnu Shastri Chiplunkar. Chiplunkar was a famous writer of Marathi. In 1873, he was appointed as a government teacher. In the meantime, there was a desire to create national consciousness in the heart of the youth of his country for which he wanted to open a school. When Gangadhar Tilak told him about his national education plan, he got ready to help it instantly.
In this way, Tilak, Agarkar, Chiplunkar, M.B. In collaboration with Namjoshi, in January 1880, the first private school established “New English School”. Due to the reputation of the founders of this school, the students of the surrounding districts took admission. In the early years, the number of students in school was 336, which increased to 1900 in the next 5 years. Both Chiplunkar and Tilak were religious but no religious subjects were included in the school curriculum. Both of them wanted that every section of the country (children, youth, and old age) know the current conditions of the country. This school created a new history in Poona’s cultural and political conditions.
Education Department of New English School and the establishment of Deccan Education Society (1885)
Tilak takes charge of the New English School Teacher’s LL.B. After taking over in 1880. After this, in 1881 Agarkar passed the MA. After joining the teaching department. The first people of New English were included in the teaching department –
Mb nam joshi
V. S.Apte (M.A.)
G.G. Agarkar (M.A.)
M. S. Golle (M.A.)
N. K. Perp (B.A.)
Tilak as a teacher.
A new form of Tilak’s personality came out after the establishment of the New School. Tilak taught mathematics, Sanskrit and English in school. He started teaching separately for the weak students. Tilak used to take his extra class apart from the students who did not understand the subject taught in the class. Tilak was always present for the help of those students who went to him to solve their doubts and problems (problem related to the syllabus).
Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar was a strange habit of Tilak. While studying mathematics, they used to answer questions verbally. They never used to solve the question on blackboard (Shyampat), the result was that only those students could catch their pace, who had special interest in mathematics. Apart from mathematics, Tilak used to teach Sanskrit too.
Tilak used to give basic education of any subject which encouraged the students to understand the subject deeply. While teaching the verses of Sanskrit, they used to explain to the students how a Sanskrit verses originate from one another. While teaching English, he used to explain the essence of a paragraph with the S without explaining one word.
Public awareness initiatives through magazines.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak was very well acquainted with the helplessness of the masses. But when he saw the brave Maharaja of Baroda Malhar Rao in the presence of the British government, he felt a great shock. The British government accused Maharaj Malhar Rao that he had tried to poison the Resident Colonel Fair. In order to investigate this indictment, the government appointed the commission in which they were guilty and denied the state and seized all the property. The second incident took place in the Delhi court, which made it clear that what the British thought for Indians.
In 1877-78, on one hand, people were starving due to a severe famine in India; on the other hand, the British brought the Queen of Delhi to the British Empire Victoria by declaring the title of ‘Kesar-i-Hind’ as India’s empress. This work of the British got angry in the minds of the Indians. As a result, there was a revolt in the leadership of Balwant Phadke in Maharashtra. This revolutionary revolt was defeated by the British with its suppression policy.
These three major incidents prompted Tilak to think of fresh rewards for the country’s independence. They had seen themselves as a result of the revolutionary revolt of Balwant Phalke. So one thing became clear that freedom can not be attained only by the slavery of the British through the revolution. It is very important for people to familiarize themselves with the real conditions of the country. Therefore, Tilak aimed to make people aware by publishing the letter.
By establishing the New English School, Tilak had started the work of building the future of the country by educating the youth of the country. After this, Tilak decided to remove the newspaper along with his colleagues, Chiplunkar, Namhoshi and Agarkar, to inform the countrymen about the situation of the country and to pursue their nationalist program. Tilak’s companions agreed with this idea and soon agreed to start this work.
Kolhapur Kand (Barwaha Defamation Case) and Tilak’s First Prison Tour
The founders of ‘Kesari’ and ‘Maratha’ were both clear and bold. Both of these letters were written through direct comments on government policies and current situation of the country. The number of its customers started growing very fast. In addition to the popularity of newspapers, popularity of Tilak also increased. People also believed that these people are not only social reformers but also devotees of the country.
Both ‘Kesari’ and ‘Maratha’ were written about the management of the princely states. The reason for this was that these princely states were considered to be the guardians of freedom and tradition. The writings of the magazine editors were sharp for the British government. An article, published on 24 April 1881, refers to this reference:
“The sharp eye of the students of history has helped to understand the growing steps of the British in the country and misbehavior with the countrymen. They have realized that the government dominates them and they have made dependents (subdued, slaves). “
King Rajaram of Kolhapur went to Europe and had died in 1870. His queens took the son Shivaji Ram to the throne for the throne. In 1877, he started acting like a few crazy people. It is said that medicines were given to deceit to make him mad. This work was done with the help of the stepmother of the state’s Deewan Ravabahadur Mahadev Vasudev Barwaha Prince.
In order to bring this incident to the public, the articles were written in both Marathas and Kesari. On November 27, 1881, in the Maratha magazine, the young Maharaj wrote an article called “Hamlet” and Barwai called “Claudius”. It was said that both the patrons of Yuvraj are conspiring to grab the throne by declaring him mad. This news spread the sensation across Maharashtra. Meanwhile, Tilak and Agarkar received 3 letters related to them, which were told by Barwai. In these letters Shivaji was described as poisoning.
Tilak printed these letters in both the letters Maratha and Kesari. At the time of this news, Rawabahadur felt his position at risk and he made a case of defamation on the editors of these letters. This case was heard in the court of the hearing magistrate Mr. Beve. On the advice of the jury, Justice Latham declared them guilty of general imprisonment on July 17, 1881 for 4-4 months of general imprisonment.
After the punishment, Gangadhar Tilak and Agarkar were put in the mountainous jail. In this jail, they were treated with criminals. They have not been given any facilities for writing for 25 days. In this case, people made the support of Tilak. There was more reverence for them in people’s minds. When it was released after completing the 4 months sentence on October 26, 1882, 2000 people were present to welcome them.
Resigns from Deccan Education Society.
Tilak had established the establishment of the New English School with his colleagues for the purpose of nation service. Tilak and his colleagues were aiming to make the education liberal by making the country friendly so that they could give a better direction to the youth of the country. They had decided that they would not make any other means the means of their income.
In 1885 a new college, Ferguson College was established by establishing the Deccan Education Society. Following the Kolhapur case, the popularity of both Kesari and Maratha magazines increased. The relationship of the committee with the new King of Kolhapur had become good, and so much financial assistance was received from here for the establishment of a new college. After the death of Chiplunkar (1882), the committee was badly damaged. After the establishment of the college, the internal differences of the committee began to appear. In 1885-86, these differences turned into a big controversy and due to these differences Tilak resigned from the committee on 14 October 1890.
Due to differences with society.
Tilak had established the school with his colleagues with the spirit of self-sacrifice and country service. No member will work with this assumption that this committee has ever made the benefit for itself. After the death of Chiplunkar in 1882, the other members of the committee did not have the sense of sacrifice which was at the time of the establishment of the New English School. But Tilak was firm on his principles.
The first differences were ‘Kesari’ and ‘Maratha’. The other members of the committee were of the opinion that these letters interfere with the work of the committee, so they should arrange separately. Secondly, after the establishment of the college, new members were enrolled in the committee, they started demanding more facilities. Tilak was of the opinion that the committee should be entitled to the income of the books written by the members of the Education Committee, while Gokhale and Agarkar wanted to give this authority to the author. The matter of Gokhale was kept in the committee and the committee decided to have the author’s right over the income of the book.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak felt that the committee is not working with the spirit of sacrifice. They could not see members of the committee working for the fulfillment of selfishness. So on October 14, 1890, after resigning from the committee, completely separated himself from the institution.
Editing ‘Kesari’ and ‘Maratha’ magazines.
Due to differences with the Deccan Education Society, Tilak broke all his relations with the committee. After this, Agarkar stopped editing the ‘Kesari’ letter. Agarkar left the editorship of Kesari when the responsibility of editing both the letters came on Tilak. Due to the Kolhapur case, there was a loan of Rs. 7000 on both of these papers which Tilak also had to compensate for. The income of these two letters was not very high, so Tilak had to find a new instrument for income.
He opened the factory of cotton in Hyderabad (Lathur) for his income. Along with this, they also gave law classes. From 1896, NC Kelkar started giving support to the editing of Maratha. His nephew used to distribute his cotton in the factory. In this way, slowly, Tilak brought his life back on track.
Social struggle (Crawford and Ramabai case).
After separation from the Deccan Society, Tilak was fully involved in social reform work. He used to write openly on the evils of the society in both the letters (Kesari and Maratha). Meanwhile, he fought a case in favor of a Tehsildar, which became famous as a successful lawyer.
Bribery Case on Arthur Travers Crawford.
Arthur Turks was a collector in Crawford Ratnagiri. He used to take bribe from Tahsildars to do any work, only after that he used to work. Being disturbed by his behavior, when people complained against him, it was decided to seek help from Tahsildars for prosecuting him. At the same time, the officer was given the right to forgive the tehsildars who gave them support. But this authority of the government has become two sides. One side believed that the tehsildars should also be enslaved, the other side believed that it would be wrong to do so. Tilak was also in support of this second opinion.
After the allegation was proved on Crawford, it was removed from the post and its assistant Hanumantrao Inamdar (Karnataka) was sentenced to two years’ imprisonment and a fine of 2000 rupees. Crawford disappeared a few days after the decision. Later, it was arrested in Bombay. Here, the Commission did not prosecute it and set the Commission, which acquitted it. It was the culprit in the eyes of the Bombay government. So this matter reached the Secretary of India, where the decision was correct, but removed it from the job. On the decision of the Secretary of India raised a question on the subject of Tehsildars who had accepted it for bribe.
Tilak wanted that the Tehsildars should be forgiven. For this, there was a meeting in 1889 in which lawyers, Tilak, Ranade etc participated. Tilak also gave an example of Britain’s 1725 case. In 1725 in England, a governor had made appointments in some positions, with a bribe of 50 thousand rupees. During the lawsuit, the Parliament made a new law to secure the witnesses. Tilak kept this example in favor of Tehsildars. Because of Tirek’s untiring efforts, the government had to take notice of them and the tehsildars who had given bribe in compulsion or jurisdiction were forgiven and those who had bribed themselves, they were exempted. After this case, Tilak became famous as a lawyer.
Ganapati Festival and Celebration of Celebrating Shivaji Festival
Bal Gangadhar Tilak was a Maharashtrian leader who raised his voice against the British during the British rule, which were completely dyed in Indian culture and traditions. They wanted to develop the country along with religious and social development. He started Ganapati festival in 1893 to tie the Hindus in the country. At the same time, the festival of Shivaji was started to remind the sleeping Indians to remind them of Kshatriyaitya.
Since ancient times, India is famous for its glorious history. Even so Maharashtra is called a Brave land. In such a situation, when Tilak saw the Marathas clinging in chains of slavery, they could not bear it. To break the British rule, rule the taxes, and to compile all the Indians, they started the Shivaji Festival to awaken Ganapati festival and their sleeping heroism.
Round of Indian Nation (Hindu-Muslim Riots).
Even in 1893-94, the government did not interfere in mutual differences between them by promoting Hindu-Muslim communalism under the policy of their divide rule tax. In 1893, Hindu-Muslim riots increased in other states along with Bombay and Poona. Muslim Hindus broke the temples and used to disturb the procession to be taken away by them.
On August 15, 1893, Tilak cited the British rule saying that; “Due to persistent encouragement from the government, Muslims have adopted aggressive behavior. The reason for this is only because the British call themselves the patron of the Muslims. The British said that only those Muslims can be protected from Hindus. There is no real quarrel between the educated leaders of both the nations, the quarrel is between the illiterate, illiterate. If such people are to be controlled, then the government has to abandon the policy of favoring any one. If the government does not adopt a policy of impartiality, then Hindus will have to fight themselves for their protection, as did in Bombay. “
Based on these articles and speeches of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, many British officials tried to provoke people against them. Many officials called them anti-Muslim. At the forefront of this, Sir Valentine’s Shirol In its article “Indian Anarch”, Tilak was called “Father of Indian Unrest”. Shirol had written in his own article, “There was a big riot in Bombay in 1893. Tilak got an opportunity to incite public anti-Muslim sentiment. Tilak called the Muslims a fanatic enemy of the Hindus with great enthusiasm in the meeting. “
The Anglo-Indian press went further two steps further. It also said that Tilak was a hardcore Hindu leader, and he also said that it is a dream country to make ‘Maratha Empire’, in which he is also writing ‘The Times’ of Bombay and ‘Pioneer’ of Allahabad.
Tilak’s efforts to release and Tilak’s life in prison.
The government understood Tilak’s secret relationship with the Chakke brothers, because he had asked for a copy of the Gita and asked Tilak for his last rites. Only on this basis, the government wanted to punish them by hanging them on charges of killing Rand. The government has not left any problem in its investigation. Even after being found completely innocent, British officials were scared to consider the issue of their release.
After Tilak was arrested, he was kept in a mountain jail in Poona. The jail system here was very bad. The work was done to distribute coconut ropes, onions and roti were given to the meal, very little amount of water was given to the bath, even for 1-1 months the clothes were not washed, due to which the clothes will get stuck. Was used.
Tilak was a fanatic Brahmin. They did not eat onions of lentils, only after eating a dry bread, they lost weight of 30 pounds in the first two months. Everyone felt that Tilak would also survive till the time of release in these harsh conditions or not.
Tilak’s well wishers were constantly trying their release. Due to the continuous letters to the jail administration, he was taken to the Dongari jail and then sent to Yerwada Jail. In India, not only abroad but also appealed to consider Tilak’s case with kindness. Professor Maxmuller, Sir William Hunter, Ramesh Chandra, etc., insisted that the English government should treat Tilak with some softness,
“Pandit and researcher of Sanskrit language like Tilak should not be kept in jail for long.”
One year was to be completed in prison. Upon receipt of an application for consideration in Tilak’s sentence abroad, the government put a condition in front of Tilak that if he does not write himself, that he will not be able to participate in politics again, his remaining sentence can be waived. But they were not in favor of giving a written application in any case. But due to the insistence of their friends and well wishers, they filed a written application.
Bung-Bhang Movement (1905) and Congress split.
Lord Curzon came to India as Governor of India in 1899. As soon as he came to India, he divided the Bengal province into two parts, under the policy of “divide rule”. There were mainly two reasons for this division, the first reason was that after the Muslim majority in Bengal, Hindus and Muslims lived with unity. The second major reason was that by separating the two empires, the Hindu-Muslim unity occupied in the country could be eliminated so that the order could be ruled by the time till the time. Karjan made two parts of Bengal under the garb of making good arrangements for the state. The capital city of Calcutta, the capital of the Bahluliya region and the capital of the Muslim Bahluliya region, Dhaka.
The partition of this division of the Curzon was a country-wide revolt. The rupture of this partition was made in 1903 and it was being opposed since then. But it was decided to apply it in 1905. During this time, more than 500 meetings and protests were held in the country.
During this time a trio of red, hair, and pal was created. Who are considered to be the thinkers of the furious party of Congress. This trio was Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Vipin Chandra Pal. Whose leadership was led by Arvind Ghosh in Bengal Tilak through his letter Kesari delivered the message of indigenous, boycott and self-government to the people.
The nationalist party of Congress and the organized group of extremist thinkers stood on the national platform, which differed from the realistic views of the liberal leaders. The leader of the soft party did not agree with Tilak’s ideas, which led to the split of the two parties in the Surat Session of Congress. Known as Surat Foot 1907
Tilak’s expulsion from the country.
Due to the extremist views of Tilak during the Partition of Bengal, once again he was expelled from the country by a 6 year sentence in 1908 for allegations of treason. Tilak was expelled from the country and was kept in Mandalay jail. While living in Madley Prison, Tilak composed two new texts Geeta-Mystery and The Arctic Home of the Aryan. Both of these texts became known to Tilak’s vast knowledge, historical research, cosmology and high ideas. Release from Mandalay jail in 1914.
Homeland return 1914, Homerul movement 1916 and Tilak died in 1920.
Tilak was released from Mandle and came to India in 1914. As soon as India came, they again started working for national interest. Many institutions of Poona organized public meetings in honor of Tilak. Tilak was invited in these meetings. Addressing the gathering, he delivered the speech, “The expulsion of 6 years from my country was the test of my country love. I have not forgotten the principle of Swaraj. No changes will be made in its programs, they will be implemented as before. “
Tilak tried to unite both parties of Congress after coming out of jail, but no success was found. In 1916 Tilak Shrimati Aenei joined the movement being run by Bensent. Whose purpose was to achieve self-rule. Tilak traveled to different villages to familiarize the people with Homerul’s objectives. It has now become a popular leader through his actions.
Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak organized more than 100 meetings to clarify the objectives of the League. He criticized the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in 1919 through his articles and appealed to continue the boycott movement. He gave lectures on these places in Sangli, Hyderabad, Karachi, Solapur, Kashi etc. in this regard. By the 1920’s, they had become quite weak. On August 1, 1920 this great priest of independence took the last farewell from this world.