About Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary.
The Keoladeo National Park, formerly known as Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, is in Bharatpur area of Rajasthan state of India. This bird sanctuary is a house for more than 230 species of birds, especially in the summer season.
This park is also known as Keoladeo Ghana National Park, and in large numbers, bird scientists are attracted to this winter season. With a huge tourist attraction, this place has also been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
In 1971, this park was declared a protected park. It is a wetland which was built to protect the Bharatpur area from the frequent floods. Earlier this place was used for hunting of waterfowl and now it is used as a pastoral land for the cattle of the villages.
It is locally called Ghana and this 28-kilometer park has wetlands, dry grass jungle, jungle and swamps. Various animal birds of this park contain 230 varieties of birds, 50 species of fish, seven species of amphibians, 13 species of snakes, seven species of turtles, five species of lizards and others. Besides, 379 varieties of flowers meet in Keoladeo National Park. In winter, thousands of migratory waterfowlers come here for reproduction and for a short stay.
1.Keoladeo National Park came into existence 250 years ago, and its name lies on the name of nearby Keoladeo Temple. this temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva.
2.From 1726 to 1763, Maharaja Suraj Mala was the king of Bharatpur. They built ajana dam on the confluence of the two rivers of the area, Banganga and the serious river.
3.Due to this the area was always submerged. Traditionally, the Maharaja of Bharatpur used this park as a hunting ground and used to organize annual duck hunting in honor of British Viceroy. This was the personal duck hunting of the Maharajas of Bharatpur.
4. On March 13, 1976, this region was declared as Bird Sanctuary. On 10th March 1982 this place was established as a bird sanctuary.
5. In 1985, Keoladeo National Park was declared a World Heritage Site under the World Heritage Convention.
6.This protected forest is now the property of Rajasthan Government under the Rajasthan Forest Act, 1953. In 1982, there was a ban on the grazing of the village cattle, which also resulted in a conflict between the government and the local farmers.