Biography of Lala Lajpat Rai
Lala Lajpat Rai, also known as Punjab Kesari, was also a famous freedom fighter from India. He was one of the three members of the Indian National Congress who sacrificed his life for the independence of India along with Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal. These three people were known as Lal-Baal-Pal. These extremist members of the Indian National Congress wanted self-rule for India and were the first Indian leader to demand full political freedom for the country. He was one of the important Hindu members of India. Lala Lajpat Rai became the president of All India Trade Union Congress in 1920. He was the leader of Punjab in protest against the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. He also led non-cooperation movement in Punjab. Lala Lajpat Rai was very influenced by socialist reformer Swami Dayanand Saraswati and was also a strong supporter of the Arya Samaj movement in Punjab.
Lala Lajpat Rai was born on 28 January 1865 in the Gov (now in Moga district) and he was the eldest son of Munshi Radhakrishna Azad and Gulab Devi. Lala Lajpat Rai had obtained his early education from Government Higher Secondary School in Rewari (then of Punjab, present-day Haryana).
Simon Commission and protest against death
He was at the forefront of the Simon Commission and was leading the demonstration against the Simon Commission. Only then did he become victims of British police sticks and seriously injured. But due to such an injury, in the evening also, he enthusiastically said that “one black strapped on my body will do the job of every nail in the coffin of the British Government.” “Although his injuries were cured, he could not recover completely and died on November 17, 1928 due to his injuries (British police sticks).
Lala Lajpat Rai was a freedom fighter as well as a good writer. Some of his books, such as the United States of America – A Hindu Impression and A Study, a History of the Arya Samaj, Swaraj and Social Change and India’s Debt on England, have mentioned the historic description of Britain’s fiscal policy in India. This leader also established Punjab National Bank and Lakshmi Insurance Company.
Gulab Devi Chest Hospital
Lala Lajpat Rai established a trust by which patients coming to the hospital and T.B. (Tuberculosis) is supported by women suffering from tuberculosis. In the memory of his mother, he constructed this hospital, whose death was T.B. (Tuberculosis). On July 17, 1934, he founded the hospital and named the hospital Gulab Devi Chest Hospital.