Jalianwala Bagh massacre is a dark chapter in the history of British India. 919 British officer General Dyer had indiscriminately fired gunshots on the unarmed crowd in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar. More than 1,000 people were killed in this massacre, while more than 1,500 were injured. On the day that this brutal event took place, that day was basakhi. After the massacre, the end of British rule began. After this the country got a revolutionary like Udham Singh and in the hearts of Bhagat Singh many patriotic races were involved in the youth.
Jallianwala Bagh Massacare.
1. A gathering was held to protest against the Rowlatt Act on April 13, 1919 in Jallianwala Bagh, situated 1.5 km away from the famous Temple of Amritsar, i.e. Golden Temple. That day was also crumbling. The fair was held in Jalsianwala Bagh for many years on Baisakhi day, where hundreds of people had reached that day to join.
2. Then the then British Regiment Brigadier General Reginald Dyer reached there with 90 soldiers. The soldiers surrounded the garden without warning, started firing on unarmed people. The people present there also tried to get out, but the path was very narrow, and Dyer’s army stood up to stop him. For this reason no one got out and Hindustani failed to save life.
3. On the order of General Dyer, the British Army had shot down for about 10 minutes without interruption. There were about 1,650 round firing in this incident. It is said that when the bullets ended with the soldiers, they stopped at the hands.
4. Many people jumped into the well built wells in the garden to save lives, which is now called ‘Shaheedi Kuan’. It is still present in the Jallianwala Bagh and reminds of the innocents who had become victims of the bad mood of the British.
5. According to the British government, about 379 people were killed and 1,200 people were injured in this firing, but according to the Indian National Congress, more than 1,000 people were martyred that day, out of which 120 were found in wells and Over 1,500 people were injured.
6. General Dyer is a supporter of the Rowlett Act, and he did not approve of its opposition. His intent was that the Indians would be scared after this massacre, but in lieu of this, the whole country was agitated against the British government.
7. The massacre has been criticized all over the world. After all, under pressure, the Secretary of State Edwin Montagu for India made Hunter Commission for its investigation at the end of 1919. After the commission’s report arrived, Dyer was demoted and made a colonel, and was sent back to the UK.
8. The House of Commons passed a condemnation motion against Dyer, but House of Lords praised the massacre and passed the commendation motion. Later, under pressure British prosecutor passed a resolution condemning him. Dyer had to resign in 1920.
9. On March 13, 1940 Udham Singh went to London to take revenge for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. There, he shot Dyer in Caxton Hall and killed him. Udham Singh was hanged on July 31, 1940. Udham Singh Nagar of Uttarakhand has been named after him.
10. Jalianwala Bagh massacre impressed Bhagat Singh in the inner. It is said that when Bhagat Singh got information of this massacre, he had reached Jallianwala Bagh a distance of 19 kms from his school.