The eminent sociologist and philosopher Emile Durkheim is an important place in the social thinkers of France. He is very respected as the creator of sociology.
Mr. Emile Durkheim was born on April 15, 1858, in a place called Epinal located in the Lauren area of North Eastern France. He completed his graduation till he completed his education. He went to Paris, France’s capital for higher education. They wanted to get admission in “Ecole Narmel Academy”; Because talented students of the world used to read here.
This institution used to study different courses along with French, Latin, Greek, philosophy etc. After 2 failed attempts, he got admission in this institution in 1879. His interest was in scientific psychology topics. But the curriculum that was entrusted there was the opposite. Durvavim, who argued with teachers, got a degree upto P. H.D.
After leaving the academic work in France, he came to Germany and there he gave birth to “sociological positivism” by studying psycho-psychology, cultural anthropology. Returning to Paris in 1887, he opened a separate department called “Social Science”, where he was appointed Professor. This is where he holds the doctorate degree, “Division of Labor in Society” on P.H.D.
Durkheim also published Sociology related journal in 1898. He composed many great texts in his lifetime, including The Rules of Sociological Methods, Society, Elementary Form of Religion Life, Education and Sociology, Sociology and Philosophy, Moral Education etc.
Durkheim wife, Louis Drefru, greatly helped him in proofreading, editing, etc. of his books. Among his 2 children, son and daughter were mine.
Durkheim had given scientology as a scientifically-it should be said that “the analysis of social events and society should be based on scientific basis.” He tried to establish unification in different organs of society.
On the basis of their contributions from sociological point of view, the principles that are famous are emphasized in the principle of theology-in which social and social events should be studied with scientific method. In the theory of labor division, he has interpreted the elements, causes and consequences and effects of the division of labor. He described the concept of labor division as dynamic and social phenomenon. This incident makes life of people happy and peaceful. Along with the progress of society, class struggle becomes less.
In the doctrine of religion, Durkheim believes that religion does not belong to any individual but to a collective life. The notion of knowledge is based on collectivity. In the principle of values he told that the source of the origin of values is a society. The reason for change is also the society. The principle of their ethics rule states that the origin of ethical rules is a dynamic and compulsory system, which must be searched only in the society.
On the principle of collective representation, he said that how much control of human behavior and actions of the person is on the society and on the person of society. His functionary concept says that society is divided into many units without being an integral system. Each unit has some or no role required. Through these units the society fulfills the wishes of its members.
After the illness on November 15, 1917, this talented sociologist completed a state of 59 years and fell asleep in Chirnida.