Biography of Mangal Pandey
Mangal Pandey was born on July 19, 1827 in Nagwa village of Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh. He was admitted as an Indian soldier in the 34th Army team of Bengal East India Company, Bengal Native Infantry (BNI), Mangal Pandey was involved in the English East India Company to know about earlier incidents in Indian history and to attack British officers. The British rebellion in 1857 gave it the form of the first fight of Indian independence.
On March 29, 1857 in Barrackpore, near Kolkata, Mangal Pandey attacked the British army and injured a British havilder besides injuring a helper. A native soldier tried to stop Mangal Pandey from killing the commander and Sergeant Major. Mangal Pandey was arrested and sentenced to death On April 8, 1857, Mangal Pandey was hanged.
The main reason behind this behavior of Mangal Pandey was a new type of bullet cartridge used in Enfield P-53 rifle. At that time the rumor was spread among the soldiers that animals (cow and pig) were used to make these cartridges. The fat is used when it is consumed by neither the Hindus nor by the Muslims. To remove the covered cover on the cartridge, he was cut from the tooth, in which his army was despised by both the Hindu and Muslim soldiers.
While the general perception of the people was that the British deliberately did that. Commandant of the 34th BNI (Bengal Natural Infantry) was a well-known Christian preacher, which led to dissatisfaction as well.
Mangal Pandey was posted as a soldier in the British army. When the East India Company, doing business in India, made India slaves, its masters in London would not even have expected this. The East India Company’s army was in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry. When it came to know that when the new rifle included in the army, the cartridge in the 53 pigments was fattened with cow and soup fat, then Mangal Pandey came to know that it is intended to corrupt the religion of Hindus, Muslims. Then Mangal Pandey played the vigil of the opposition.
Mangal Pandey got angry when he got this information, and he attacked Lieutenant Baugh and other British officials on March 29, 1857, to teach Goro a lesson. Mangal Pandey’s arrest spread like a fire in the forest and after that, there was a fire of revolution in India. After that the rebellion started to be there all four. At that time, as if now the country will get freedom in 1857. After the arrest of Mangal Pandey, the British turned the court martial, after that, on April 18, the verdict was hanged. But the British were scared to see the fire of this battle and see the rising uprising of the soldiers and they hanged Mangal Pandey on 10 April, 1957, from the due date.