Chandragupta Maurya was born in Pataliputra in 340 BC, which is situated in Bihar today. His background, though, is uncertain. Some claims say that he was a descendant of Nand, his mother’s name was Mura, while others believed that he belonged to the Moray tribe of Peacock Tommers. He was a brave and sensible leader since childhood; Chanakya, who was a great Brahmin scholar of expertise in economics and political science, under his umbrella, Chandra Gupta Maurya was guided at Takshashila University, who later became his mentor.
Accession and governance
He established an army with the help of Chanakya, and when the Maurya Empire was established, later he became his Chief Advisor and Prime Minister.Chandragupta was able to compete with the army, after a series of battles, finally the capital city of Pataliputra was surrounded, with the victory of the Nand empire, at the age of 20, he laid the foundations of the Maurya Empire in northern India. After the death of Alexander in 323 BC, his empire was split into three meetings by his generals, in which, along with the Macedonian territories, the Seleks i-nicator was included, including Punjab.
Since Celecas was busy in the western borders, Chandragupta had an opportunity to attack two Mexican personalities of Parthia and Phillip, son of the Macretus. After defeating the Selekas, Chandragupta signed a peace treaty with him, according to which he got possession over Punjab in exchange for 500 war elephants.
During his reign, he conquered the independent Indian states in the Vindhya Range and the Deccan Plateau in the South East, along with most of northern parts of the Indian subcontinent until 300 BC. Though he managed to unite the Indian subcontinent, but he failed to capture Kalinga (modern Odisha) on the eastern coast and at the southern end was the Tamil state, which was eventually handled by his grandson Ashoka.
In 321 BC, defeating the Nanda dynasty and conquering Pataliputra, defeating the army of Bhandasala, the commander of the army and commander of the army. In order to further expand their empire, they established their intense eyes on East Fans and successfully attacked it in 305 BC and they captured areas including Hindu Kush, modern Afghanistan and Balochistan in Pakistan.
By conquering most of the Indian subcontinent, he established the largest empires in Indian history, ranging from central Asia in the west to Burma in the east and to the Deccan Plateau in the Himalayas in the north.
Personal life and heritage
He married the daughter of Selekus, and made friendly relations with the Hellenistic states and increased the trade of India with the western world.
He abandoned his throne and converted to Jainism, eventually Shrutkeli became a Muni under Bhadrabhu, with whom he traveled to Shravanabelagola (in modern Karnatak), where he meditated and fasted in 298 BC.