What is doctrine of lapse?
The theory of lapsed was an imperialist pro-approach that aimed to expand the British territories in India. This principle was started by Lord Dalhousie. According to this principle, the state, who had no hereditary successor, lost the right to rule itself, and even after adopting the heir, his kingdom could not be restored.
Prior to 1818 AD, East India Company’s policies and activities were commercial and not a sovereign ruler, but after that their ambition changed into a desire to rule over the whole of India, which culminated in the form of first auxiliary treaty system and now the lapsed principle Got to see The objective of adopting these policies was to establish control over the entire rights of the State and make them British colonies. The main complexity was with those states which had no successor. The policy of lapsed was made to grab such states. Under this policy, the right to rule was stripped of such states, on the basis of no heir. Based on the principle of lapsed by Dalhousie, the following states were merged with the British Empire.
Who applied this law?
Doctrine of lapse was in fact a part of the imperialist policy of the British, according to which the British wanted to impose their rule on more and more states in the country. Lord Dalhousie started this policy, which is the indias governor Was the general his tenure,1848 to 1856. Although the Court of Director of the East India Company had put this policy under the rule of Dalhousie.
Key points of this law
1.Although the British had come to trade in India, but later they adopted various policies to rule over our country with a trickery and the imperial thinking of the British was the fundamental basis of the “Doctrine of Lapse” policy.
2.The British wanted to spread their rule in more and more states of the country.
3.Every kingdom in which the king had no son, he had to entrust power to the British.
4.It was valid for the Britishers to adopt adoption or adoption by adopting someone, even if the king had not adopted the son of his own dynasty.
5.According to this policy, the British did not give pension or any other financial help to the son of the ruler.
Which class was affected by the law?
Indeed, the British were angry at the way of governing some rulers in India, some kings spend their luxuries living without paying attention to their subjects, so Lord-Dalhousie tried to put an end to these policies in those states. . In such a situation, the common people were emancipated from those luxurious kings and due to the progress of the British, such states began to develop. The highest impact of this policy was on the states where the ruler had adopted the successor, that is why the Raja of that state, besides the prince, also had the vassal, Brahmins and the whole class.